A SHORT LEXICON OF FREQUENTLY OCCURRING SEVENTEENTH CENTURY WORDS WITH DIFFERENT OR ADDITIONAL MEANINGS TO THEIR MODERN MEANINGS

 

(Modern meanings are not noted below, though most of these words also include modern senses, in addition to the older senses noted below).


Rev. #3  2020/07/15
Henry Jason, Jr.


after – 1.) for
            2.) according to
but – 1.) but rather (the most frequent meaning), rather
         2.) just, adv.
         3.) except
by – through (a most frequent meaning)
even adv. – specifically (the most frequent meaning of this word)
from – 1.) away from (the most frequent meaning of this word)
          2.) out from, out of
herein, hereof, hereby, etc. – in this, of this, through this, etc.
inward adj. – inner, interior, internal, etc. (spiritual)

(late, latter, last) may be equivalent to: (late, later, latest)
nigh adj. – near. Note also that (nigh, near, next) may be equivalent to: (near, nearer, nearest)
of – 1.) from (this is the usual way of saying the modern word “from”)
       2.) by (indicating the agent of some action: “x was done of y” = “x was done by y”).

       3.) some of
out – outside
out of – 1.) outside of
             2.) out from
outward adj. – outer, exterior, external, visible, carnal, corporeal, etc. (not spiritual)
own v. – to acknowledge, to confess

the same – he, him, she, her, it, they, them – referring to a noun immediately mentioned in a previous phrase or sentence.
somewhat – something
that – who
therein, thereof, thereby, etc. – in that, of that, through that, etc.
to – for


unto – 1.) to
           2.) for
want v. – to lack

want n. – a lack
wherein, whereof, whereby, etc. – in which, of which, through which, etc.
which – who
will v. – to want to, to wish to
without – 1.) outside 

               2.) outside of

               3.) not within

would – would like to

 

NOTE:

 

herein, hereof, hereby, etc. – in this, of this, through this, etc.

therein, thereof, thereby, etc. – in that, of that, through that, etc.

wherein, whereof, whereby etc. – in which, of which, through which, etc.

 

inward adj. – inner, interior, internal, etc. (psychological, spiritual)

outward adj. – outer, exterior, external, visible, carnal, corporeal, etc. (not spiritual)